会社概要
What we hope Tosho to improve the shareholders’ value as a shareholder are 1) improvement of its extremely low operating profit margin through reconsidering mid-term management plan and investment plan and 2) Special dividend funded by disposal of RECRUIT shares to optimize excess net assets.

Mid-term management plan that is lacking in concreteness

Tosho has released its mid-term management plan on 27th February 2017 with a PL targets. This 3 years plan is the first period of 3 stages which consist of 9 years plan in total.

There is no data available for the concrete target of the second and the third period. Tosho only released targets of the first period as below.

Items Actual
FY2016 FY2017 FY2018
Sales 54 bil 60 bil 23.4 bil
Operating profit 0.28 bil 0.06 bil Negative profit due to seasonality
Op. margin 0.5% 2.0%
EBITDA 2 bil 1.87 bil
EBITDA margin 3.7% 3.1%
Adjusted ROE(※) 0.87%(※※) 0.57%(※※※)
First period
FY2019
60 bil
1.2 bil
2.0%
5.4 bil
9%
1.7%

※Calculated as “Recurring pre-tax profit times (1-tax rate 30%) divided by average net assets”. This is to exclude special profit. Recurring pre-tax profit is called “Keijo Rieki” in Japan.
※※ROE in FY 2016 including special profit is 16.9%. The gain from the sales of a half of RECRUIT shares was reported as special profit of ca. 16.4 bil.
※※※ROE in FY 2017 including special profit is 1.2%。The gain from the sales of affiliated company shares was reported as special profit of ca. 0.7 bil.

Following slide is an abstract of the presentation (page 36 from the link above). It is described that operating profit and EBITDA grow strongly throughout the second and the third period. The red bar is operating profit and green bar is depreciation and amortization.

Image describing EBITDA pass to FY2025

2025年度までの9年間における業績イメージ

Meanwhile, there is no clear explanation in the plans how to achieve the target and no progress is found as to the achievement of the investment plan. In fact, Tosho’s managements did not answer our question regarding this point at the last AGM and made shareholders confused.

Concept regarding the changes of its business structure

Tosho’s release

Investment plan Amount(bil) Detail
Change of its business structure Improvement of operational efficiency 10 ・Version up of IT system
・Restructure of production function
・Small-lot printing machines and processing equipment
Order increase・New products ・High-value-added printing equipment
・Development of short-run business
投資項目
事業構造転換 生産業務効率化
受注拡大・新商材開発
投資額(億円)
100
内容
・基礎システムの全面印新
・製本工程の省力・省人化設備
・小ロット向け印刷機・加工設備
・高付加価格印刷機・加工設備
・ショートランビジネスモデル開発

(Source:1st June 2017 mid-term management plan presentation slide, Strategic Capital rewrites)

Our assessment and proposal

  • ■ It is reasonable to improve low operating profit by changing its business structure.
  • ■ Tosho should immediately start this because improvement of profit is an urgent issue.
  • ■ Tosho should disclose and inform the market about the cost and return expectation for the change of its business structure.

No answer from managements as to the return from changes of its business structure~AGM in June 2018~

弊社

Are you really going to invest remaining 8 bil in 2 years in order to change the business structure?
Could you explain how this investment of 10 bil in total will contributes to profit?

弊社
  • Mr. Yano: Certainly, the investment in the first year was 1.5 bil. But 60% – 70% of the orders are already executed and the remaining is almost at the final stage. In terms of margin improvement, we focus on the reduction of variable cost and fixed cost. In addition, we want to reduce other cost such as personnel expense, outsourcing cost and material cost.
    (No answer as to the return from this 10 bil investment)
  • Mr. Kawada:Same answer

Investment in expansion of its new business area

Tosho’s release

Investment plan Amount
(bil)
Detail
Investment in expansion of its new business area Printing business 200 ・M&A of Media planning,
distribution area
・Investment in digital media
Culture and education business ・Investment in ICT education
・expansion in textbook business
投資項目
事業領域拡大 印刷周辺事業
文化・教育・事業
投資額(億円)
200
内容
・メディア・プランニング、編集
・制作・物流分野のM&A
・デジタルメディア分野への投資
・ICT教育分野への投資
・学校図書の事業領域拡大

(Source:1st June 2017 mid-term management plan presentation slide, Strategic Capital rewrites)

Our assessment and proposal

  • 20 bil is too much for Tosho to invest in new business area by itself. In case such huge investment is justified, this should be determined by whole Toppan printing group (Toppan printing is Tosho’s parent company).
  • ■The first acquisition was executed in October 2018. It was a small textbook company and the amount of investment was merely 1.1 bil.
  • ■In November 2018, Tosho executed the second acquisition for 1.3 bil. It was an English training support company. We were apprehensive that such acquisition may destroy Tosho’s value because it may harm Tosho’s capital efficiency and advised Tosho to stop such an acquisition immediately.(Link:Our latest dialogue with Tosho

Managements persist in the harebrained investment plan~AGM in June 2018~

弊社

Now that 1 year has passed since the release of the plan and only 1.1 bil out of 20 bil was executed, you should reconsider the investment plan in new business area, at least reduce the investment amount. In terms of profit targets, you need to change the strategy or targets themselves. It’s only normal to reconsider and change the plan when it is difficult to achieve. Don’t waste remaining 2 years. You should revise the plan.

弊社
  • Mr. Yano:We are working on the achievement of the plan right now. We are working hard and trying to achieve the targets of the present plan.
  • Mr. Kawada:We focus on the prompt execution of investment.
  • 株式会社ストラテジックキャピタル

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